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What Are The Three Types Of Sleep Apnea?

JUN 02

Sleep apnea, or pauses in breathing, is a potentially dangerous sleep condition. You may have sleep apnea if you snort loudly and feel fatigued even after a full night's sleep. Here’s a look at the three most common kinds of sleep apnea, as well as some additional information about each.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea
The most prevalent sleep breathing condition is obstructive sleep apnea. It disrupts your sleep by causing you to stop and resume your breathing frequently. While sleeping, your throat muscles relax, making it impossible to breathe normally. This is known as obstructive sleep apnea. The soft palate, the triangular portion of tissue that hangs from the soft palate (uvula), tonsils, and tongue are all supported by these muscles. As you breathe in, your airway narrows or shuts as your muscles relax, causing breathing difficulty for up to ten seconds. This may lead to a decrease in oxygen levels in the blood and an increase in carbon dioxide in the breath.

Your brain awakens you from sleeping so that you may reopen your airway and resume your normal breathing. In most cases, you won't even recall this wakeup. Shortness of breath might wake you up, but it goes away fast after a few deep breaths. You may snort, choke, or gasp in response. Throughout the night, this process might repeat itself up to 20 times each hour. When you're unable to get into a normal sleep cycle because of these interruptions, you'll likely wake up feeling drowsy. It is possible that some people having obstructive sleep apnea may well not realize that they are unable to sleep at night. There are many individuals who don't know they've been sleeping poorly all night because of this sort of sleep apnea.

Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by the following symptoms:
-Inability to stay awake throughout the day.
-Snoring that is too loud.
-Instances when people cease breathing.
-Sudden awakenings that cause choking or gasping.
-Sore throat or dry mouth upon waking.
-Headache in the morning.
-Daytime inability to concentrate.
-Depression, irritation, or anxiety.
-High level of hypertension.
-Decreased arousal.


Central Sleep Apnea
When your breathing frequently stops and resumes while you sleep, you have central sleep apnea. When your brain fails to communicate properly with the muscles that regulate your breathing, central sleep apnea may develop in your body. Obstructive sleep apnea, where the upper airway is blocked, is not associated with this disorder. Obstructive sleep apnea is more frequent, whereas central sleep apnea is far less common. The presence of central sleep apnea may be caused by a variety of medical disorders, including congestive heart failure or stroke. Sleeping at a high elevation might also be a contributing factor. It is possible to cure central sleep apnea by correcting pre-existing health issues or by utilizing supplementary oxygen.

There are times when people with central sleep apnea may snore, even when they are not obstructed in their airway. When it comes to Central Sleep Apnea, the snoring may not be as obvious as it is when it comes to Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Central sleep apnea is often accompanied by the following signs and symptoms:
-Bouts of not breathing or breathing patterns that are aberrant.
-Shortness of breath and a sudden waking.
-Reluctance to fall asleep. (insomnia)
-Sleepiness throughout the day. (hypersomnia)
-Difficulty staying focused.
-Changes in mood.
-Morning aches and pains.

Mixed Sleep Apnea
A mixture of obstructive and central sleep apneas results in a pause in breathing during sleep, known as mixed apnea. As a result, the momentary halt in breathing might be caused by obstructions in the airway or by the brain's inability to deliver signals to breathe. Patients with mixed apnea are often woken by a lack of breathing, which has a negative impact on their ability to get a good night's rest. It's also known as complicated sleep apnea or mixed apnea. Because they can't breathe, patients have to be roused from their slumber in order to resume breathing. This leads to weariness, sleepiness, morning headaches, irritability, and difficulties focusing.

The use of CPAP machines is one of the current best therapies for those with mixed apnea. To keep the airway open while they sleep, patients utilize these devices to provide a steady supply of air pressure. Nevertheless, the faulty brain signals are not addressed in this procedure. Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (BPAP) devices, which give more air whenever the patient inhales and less air when he exhales, are typically recommended by physicians when CPAP systems fail.


Can Sleep Apnea Kill You?
If you have sleep apnea, your breathing pauses are unlikely to cause death. In other words, you will not cease breathing forever. On the other hand, sleep apnea may raise your chance of developing life-threatening short- and long-term health issues, some of which can lead to death by cardiac arrest.

How Can You Stop Sleep Apnea?
Even if your sleep apnea isn't severe, you may be able to get away with making little modifications to your routine. If that's the best place to begin, your doctor will tell you. While medical therapy is recommended, the following measures may help lessen your sleep apnea symptoms and enhance your nighttime sleep.

Lose Weight
If you're obese, decreasing weight may have a huge effect. Even while it's typically not a complete cure, it may lessen the frequency of breathing episodes, lower your blood pressure, and minimize daily tiredness. If you have sleep apnea, even a tiny amount of weight reduction might help alleviate your symptoms by opening up your throat.

Even if you don't lose weight via exercise, it may reduce your sleep apnea respiratory sessions and boost your energy levels throughout the day. Yoga, resistance training, and other forms of aerobic exercise may all help you build stronger airway muscles and breathe easier.

Quit Smoking
Smoking causes inflammation and fluid retention in the neck and upper airway, which leads to sleep apnea.

Sleep On Your Side
As the mouth, tongue, and other soft tissues collapse into the throat, sleeping on your back puts you at greater risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Since reclining face down or moving the head side to side both inhibit breathing, sleeping on the stomach isn't much better. On the other hand, lying on your side aids in maintaining an open airway. Pillows may assist in alleviating discomfort whether you sleep on your side or roll over to your back throughout the night.

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