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What Are The Stages Of Periodontal Disease?

MAY 12

Gum disease is a dangerous gum infection that affects the soft tissue and may lead to the destruction of the bone that supports your teeth if left untreated. Periodontitis may cause teeth to become loose or even fall out. Despite its prevalence, periodontitis is entirely avoidable. Poor dental hygiene is the most common reason. If you brush and floss your teeth at least twice a day, you have a far better chance of successfully treating gum disease and preventing it from occurring in the first place.

Stages Of Periodontal Disease
There are four stages of periodontal disease:

Gingivitis
If gingivitis is detected early enough in the disease process, it may be reversed. An accumulation of plaque is to blame for this. Only a few symptoms are present at this early stage, and most are non-painful. As a result of this, periodontal disease is so prevalent and so frightening to deal with. Nothing happens until something happens. Until about the fourth and last stage of periodontal disease, the disease's silence continues. Begin by keeping an eye out for poor breath, gum swelling, and bleeding when brushing or flossing as early warning signs. Gingivitis may be treated and reversed with good oral hygiene and frequent dental examinations.

Mild Periodontal Disease
The second phase of periodontal disease is mild periodontitis. It can't be undone, but it's doable. Once an infection reaches stage two, it starts the process of killing the bone. The bacterium develops and is more aggressive, resulting in further bone loss as a result. Even the most basic of oral hygiene regimens are no longer sufficient. Inflammation or redness of the gums is a symptom, as well as bleeding during cleaning or flossing, and probe depths somewhere between 4 and 5 millimeters, which indicate gum disease.

Moderate Periodontal Disease
Unlike the first two stages of periodontitis, the third stage cannot be reversed. Symptoms similar to stage two are present at this stage, but the probe depth is increased to six to seven millimeters, allowing even more germs to assault not just your bones, but also your soft tissue. Both your circulatory and immunological systems will be affected. Scaling & root planing are used to treat periodontal disease in stages two and three. In order to eliminate the deep-seated germs from your gums, scaling & root planing are necessary. In the absence of treatment, these phases may lead to bone and teeth losses, gum sensitivity, and increased bleeding.

Advanced Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease progresses to its terminal stage when the bacterial infection becomes so severe that it can no longer be treated with antibiotics. There is a 50% to 90% chance that your bones may begin to break down. Additionally, advanced periodontal disease produces red, swollen gums that exude pus, cold sensitivities, tooth loosening, painful biting, and severe halitosis. The deep pockets of germs that have grown need periodontal surgeries or periodontal laser treatment. In the absence of treatment, stage four periodontitis may lead to tooth decay, gum recession, the need for dentures, and other major health complications.

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What Are Some Of The Early Warning Signs Of Periodontal Disease?
When it comes to most illnesses and health conditions, early warning indications are typically present. For those who have periodontitis, it is critical to maintain good dental hygiene practices in order to prevent it from advancing into periodontal disease. Among the most prevalent symptoms of gum disease are:

• Nasal congestion (despite regular brushing)
• Inflamed, puffy, and painful gums
• Gums that are red and swollen (especially when brushing and flossing)
• Teeth that are loose
• Mouth emits a noxious odor
• Bite is altered
• Pain and discomfort in the gums
• Teeth appear longer

Periodontal exams, which should be performed at least twice a year, may detect early symptoms of gum disease and gingivitis. Gingivitis and gum disease may be detected by measuring the depth of the pockets surrounding your teeth, and you'll be given advice on how to fix the condition. Periodontal disease may be prevented if frequent checkups and cleanings are received on a regular basis. To prevent the condition from progressing, it is crucial to be aware of these warning symptoms and get medical attention as soon as possible if you don't see your doctor regularly. It's impossible to have a healthy smile if your gums aren't healthy.

Can You Fix Periodontal Disease?
A periodontist can assist you if you believe that you have periodontal disease. They will provide a recommendation after evaluating your mouth. If your gums are separating from your teeth due to periodontal disease, you will need to undergo specialized treatment. Using these techniques, the gum line may be cleaned and returned to its proper position.

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Can Periodontal Disease Kill You?
Periodontal disease by itself is unlikely to cause death, but it does seem to have a significant impact on the development of other deadly conditions. A bacteria found in inflamed, swelling gums caused by gum disease has been linked to several ailments, according to recent research.

Heart disease and gum disease are linked. Inflammation caused by gingivitis and periodontitis may lead to artery constriction, which may cause or exacerbate heart disease, according to research. More than twice as many patients with periodontitis had lung cancer as those without gum disease. The risk of colon cancer was 80 percent higher in those who were edentulous, or without teeth, because of severe gingivitis. Periodontitis doubles the risk of colon cancer in nonsmokers. The presence of pancreatic cancer has been reported as well, although the findings were not statistically significant.

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