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Dental Inlays & Onlays…The Ins And Outs

DEC 30

For severely deteriorated teeth, dental inlays and onlays may be made of gold, composites, and porcelains. Dental inlays and onlays are used by dentists to treat teeth that are too damaged to fix with a filling but not severe enough to need a crown. The healthy part of a damaged tooth may be saved with dental inlays and onlays, which also give the tooth the strength and stability it needs to chew normally.

A dental inlay is inserted into the middle of the tooth to strengthen the structure. A dental onlay is applied to both the inside and exterior surfaces of a tooth. The terms "indirect fillings" and "partial crowns" refer to the same thing. They are a less invasive and, in most cases, less costly alternative to complete crowns.

Generally speaking, dental inlays and onlays are regarded as safe, although there are a number of possible issues and dangers that must be addressed. To restore teeth that have been severely damaged or decaying, this is merely one of the options available. Consult your dentist about all of your alternatives so that you can make an informed decision.


Types of dental inlays and onlays
Inlays and onlays for dental restorations may be created from a variety of materials. Powdered glass-like substances and acrylics are two types of composites (resins). Compared to metal, composite inlays and onlays seem more natural because they match the color of your teeth. Typically, gold or other metals may be used as well, such as silver and copper. Metal inlays and onlays can be used in molars (the back teeth) because of their strength and long-term durability. Gold inlays and onlays are less popular today than they were in the past because they are less appealing to the eye than other types of inlays and onlays. The color of a porcelain inlay or onlay is identical to that of the tooth.

What is the purpose of dental inlays and onlays?
The following conditions may necessitate the use of a dental inlay or onlay by your dentist:

*Teeth that cannot be repaired with dental fillings but do not necessitate root canals or dental crowns are considered cracked or chipped.
*Bacteria in your mouth produce an acid that damages your teeth, causing tooth decay. Using a tooth file, a dentist can frequently fix slight to severe decay. A dental inlay, onlay, or crown may be necessary to preserve the tooth's function in cases of moderate to severe decay.

How does a dentist place an inlay or onlay?
Dental inlays and onlays are placed in a similar way to how crowns are placed. Dentist inlays and onlays are typically done in a dental office or clinic, not a hospital. Depending on the kind of tooth and the inlay or onlay used, the process may take a variety of forms. However, the following procedures are often followed:

*In the dental chair, you will recline and have a transparent shield placed over your eyes. Your eyes are shielded from liquids and dental equipment by the shield.
*A local anesthetic is injected into the gums surrounding your tooth by the dentist. During the surgery, the anesthetic relieves any discomfort by blocking the pain receptors in the body. Before the injection, your dentist may use a painless topical anesthetic to numb your gums a little bit.
*In order to remove the decayed or damaged portion of your tooth, your dentist will use a drill. To ensure that the inlay or onlay material adheres properly, your dentist will file down particular areas of your tooth.
*Your dentist will take an impression of your tooth and use it as the basis for a mold. To ensure that your inlay or onlay is a perfect fit, your dentist will use an impression of your teeth to create one.
*Inlays and onlays may be made at the dentist's office if the dentist has the necessary equipment. Your inlay or onlay will be made and placed at the same appointment if this is the case.
*For inlays and onlays, some dentists use a dental lab to transmit impressions. While you wait for the permanent inlay or onlay to be completed, your dentist will place a temporary one in your tooth to protect it. For a few weeks or months, a temporary inlay or onlay is applied to the tooth.
*The dentist expects you to return in a few weeks. Your temporary inlay or onlay will be removed and replaced with a permanent one by your dentist using strong and long-lasting cement.
*To guarantee a comfortable bite and to avoid scraping your mouth or tongue, the inlay or onlay will be sanded and polished by your dentist.


Does getting an inlay hurt?
For a few hours following your dental inlay or onlay operation, your mouth, gums, and tongue may be numb. As previously mentioned, this is due to the lengthy duration of the local anesthetic. Tenderness in your gums is another possibility. For a few days or weeks following your surgery, your tooth may be more sensitive to cold and heat than normal.

What is the difference between a filling and an inlay?
Even while these two may theoretically be employed in a cavity, inlays are normally reserved for bigger ones. With a drill, they both take out the old material and replace it with new, but how that space is filled is what sets them different from each other. A tight fit is required for the inlay, otherwise food and germs will be able to enter the gap, causing additional degradation. An inlay's advantage is that it does not compress as much as a filling after being placed, therefore there is less risk of the restoration failing because of this or developing a gap between the filling and the surrounding teeth. Additionally, an inlay creates a stronger and supposedly more lasting surface for chewing, and as such, an inlay should be more trustworthy long-term, but the research on that is divided and inconclusive.

What does a dental inlay look like?
For teeth that still have some viable tooth structure and don't need a complete crown, inlays and onlays are a good option. An inlay is a dental restoration that is placed between the tooth's cusps. An onlay is a more substantial restoration that covers the whole tooth, rather than just the cusps. A single, solid piece, generally produced in a lab, is used as an inlay or onlay, and it is commonly composed of gold or porcelain.

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