Gums are the soft tissues that encircle the teeth and the jaw's bones. It functions as a barrier and protects against germs that cause illness. Moreover, it is the supporting tooth structure that maintains them. Food waste and bacteria would readily enter deeper areas of the teeth without gums. Please remember that there are 700 bacterial species in the oral cavity, many of them are "bad."
What exactly is gum disease?
Gum disease begins when the plaque grows beneath and all along the lines of the gum. Plaque is bacteria-filled sticky film-like material. It has the potential to produce infections that harm the gums and jawbone, resulting in tooth decay and gum diseases.
Gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease, may also be caused by plaque. Gingivitis leads the gums to be red, tender, prone to bleeding, inflamed, and swollen. Thankfully, this injury is reversible since the tissue and bone which support teeth are not affected.
Periodontitis, an advanced type of gum disease, may also occur. The bones that keep the teeth in position are affected by periodontitis. It may destroy the gums, tissues, and bone that support your teeth if left untreated.
Advanced periodontitis is the ultimate stage of gum disease. That's the destruction of the bone and tissues that support the teeth. It may affect your dentition and may require removal of teeth.
The following are symptoms of gum disease, according to the American Dental Association (ADA):
Consistently unpleasant taste or odor
Permanent teeth loosening
Gums which bleed easily
Swollen, red, or painful gums
Gums which have separated from the teeth
What is the treatment for gum disease?
Gum disease therapy is to improve healthy gum reattachment to teeth, minimize swelling, infection risk, pocket depth, and halt disease progression. Treatment choices rely on how patients responded to previous therapies, on the stage of the illness, and on one’s general health. Nonsurgical treatments that limit bacterial development are available, as is surgery to repair supporting tissues.
Gum disease can be avoided. Here are some methods to keep the gums healthy:
Floss once a day at least. In line with the ADA, this helps to eliminate the plaque and food outside the reach of your toothbrush. It makes no difference when users floss. It doesn't matter if you do it at bedtime, in the afternoon, or after lunchtime... simply do it!
If you visit your dentist on a regular basis, he or she will be able to spot early signs of gum disease. As a result, problems can be addressed before they worsen. Tartar may only be removed by a professional cleaning. It can help remove any plaque that you may have missed during brushing and flossing. You can reverse gingivitis by brushing, flossing, and frequent tooth cleaning.
Another incentive encouraging smokers to stop is that smoking is significantly linked to the development of gum disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking lowers your immune system, making it more difficult to fight off a gum infection. Furthermore, smoking renders it harder for the gums to recover once injured.
Brush Twice Daily
After each meal, brush your teeth. This aids in the removal of debris and plaque that has become stuck between the gums and teeth. Scrub the tongue as well, as it might house bacteria. According to the Mayo Clinic, the toothbrush should have soft bristles and fit pleasantly in your mouth. Consider using a toothbrush that is powered by a battery or an electric toothbrush. These are more effective than manual brushing at reducing gingivitis and plaque. Replace toothbrush heads or toothbrushes every three to four months or earlier if the bristles tear.
Use Fluoride Toothpaste
When it comes to toothpaste, shop shelves are loaded with products that claim to whiten teeth, freshen breath, and decrease gingivitis. What is the best for a healthy gum line? How do you know? Make sure you use fluoride-containing toothpaste with the ADA mark of approval. The flavor and color are then entirely up to you!
Use Therapeutic Mouthwash
Therapeutic mouthwashes, which are often available over the counter, can help decrease plaque, inhibit or minimize gingivitis, slow the formation of tartar, or a combination of these advantages, as per the ADA. A rinse also helps eliminate particles of food and waste from the mouth, while it isn't a replacement for brushing or flossing. Search for the ADA stamp that implies it's considered safe and efficient.
It makes no difference which comes first: brushing, flossing, or rinsing. Do your work well and utilize the proper products.