What is dental health?
Dental health deals with the health of your teeth, gums, tongue, and mouth. There are various complications caused by bacteria, sugary foods, unhygienic food, and unhealthy lifestyle habits. The goal is to prevent complications like tooth decay, bad breath, crowding, and gum disease to maintain the overall health of the mouth.
Your dental health and your overall health are interconnected as poor dental health habits enhance the chances of conditions and diseases that can affect your mouth as well as have an adverse impact on overall well-being. Your mouth contains many types of bacteria that inhabit your oral cavity. Out of these bacteria, some are harmless, while others can cause serious health problems in your mouth that will eventually affect other areas of your body.
Healthy oral hygiene habits and a proper hygiene routine that makes the mouth free of infections, injuries, decay, and other problems with teeth and gums, are important in maintaining your overall health.
What are various dental health issues and their effect on overall health?
There are various dental health issues caused by bacteria, unhealthy foods, sugars in diet, and other microbes. All these issues have adverse effects on overall health. Some common dental issues include the following:
Periodontal diseases are also known as gum disease, this is a common dental issue and is usually the result of neglecting proper brushing and flossing your teeth on a regular basis. It is caused by the buildup of plaque-causing bacteria, which eventually leads to the development of gingivitis and periodontitis, the first stages of periodontal disease.
Treatment of Periodontal Diseases:
Periodontal disease can progress to cause serious tooth decay as well as damage to surrounding structures therefore, it should be treated carefully. It can be treated over the course of a few regular dental appointments. Scaling ensures deep teeth cleanings that will be required to remove the plaque and tartar buildup in and around your gums and teeth.
Tooth Decay & Cavities
One of the most common dental issues nowadays is tooth decay, which affects both deciduous and permanent teeth. The development of cavities is caused by consuming a large amount of sugary and acidic foods and beverages and neglecting proper brushing afterward.
Treatment of Tooth Decay and Cavities:
Cavities or tooth decay are treated by scraping off or drilling away the bacteria from the surface of the affected tooth, which is later filled by some restorative material such as composite or amalgam to match the appearance of your natural existing tooth. If cavities have progressed too far, such as beyond the surface of your tooth to the interior pulp, this will require a root canal procedure which is performed by an endodontist. Alternatively, advanced-stage tooth decay and cavities can be treated through a tooth extraction.
Oral cancer has been included as one of the most common dental issues. It can target multiple regions of the oral cavity, including throat, tongue, gums, cheeks, and lips. This dental disease usually manifests as an inflamed or tingling sore with a red or white surface which can be caused by excessive use of tobacco or exposure to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
Treatment of Oral Cancer:
Oral cancer should be dealt with carefully as, if left untreated, it can cause life threatening complications. Your appointments and regular dental check-up should include an oral cancer screening, which consists of probing every region of the mouth to detect any early stage of the disease. If someone has been diagnosed with oral cancer, there are many treatment options which are available nowadays that include chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Oral thrush is one of the types of oral infections that are caused by the growth of various harmful organisms such as Candida fungus in the mouth. This infection mainly affects infants and people with low immunity. Oral thrush is easily noticed in the oral cavity as it results in some milky white-colored lesions that spread out over the tongue and cheeks. If they are left untreated for too long, the fungus can target the tonsils and throat and thus leads to difficulty breathing and swallowing.
Treatment of Oral Thrush:
Oral thrush being a very painful and uncomfortable condition, requires immediate treatment. It can be prevented by firmly sticking to an oral hygiene routine which includes daily proper brushing and flossing. Once oral thrush is diagnosed in the oral cavity, your dentist may prescribe some useful medicines such as certain antibiotics in order to kill the fungal spores before the infection progresses and some analgesics to relieve the symptoms.
Halitosis( Bad Breath)
Halitosis is commonly known as “bad breath.” It is a chronic dental condition that can be the result of a number of risk factors, including smoking, betel nut chewing, poor dental hygiene, and other existing respiratory tract infections. Halitosis or bad breath can also be a side effect of gingivitis or periodontitis, which causes the plaque and tartar to build up around the teeth and gums. This condition can lead to anxiety and embarrassment in social settings, as the mouth odor can be very noticeable.
Treatment of Halitosis:
Halitosis can be treated by simply adopting the strict oral hygiene habits and visiting your dentist on a regular basis to make lifestyle modifications as required. For better results flossing and brushing should be accompanied by the use of antiseptic mouthwash to get rid of accumulated bacteria after eating and before bedtime. In addition, staying more hydrated with fluoridated water throughout the day can eliminate the symptoms of bad breath.
Tooth crowding is a dental issue that leads to misalignment of teeth that eventually can cause temporomandibular jaw disorders. Misaligned bites lead to improper chewing of food and thus various stomach issues.
Treatment of Tooth Crowding:
Expert orthodontists can treat overcrowding with several methods by the means of various orthodontic appliances such as traditional metallic braces and Invisalign. Each case of dental crowding is unique, and the skilled orthodontist will carefully examine each case in order to create a treatment plan which is designed to adjust each of your teeth into their proper alignment.